These are the minimum requirements to be hired in the state of Colorado. Each agency's requirements differ.
By law, an individual must pass a Colorado POST basic academy, a certification examination administered by the POST Board, a physical and psychological examination, and a background check before they may serve as a peace officer in Colorado. Provisional certification is available for out-of-state officers.
Please note that students in training to be law enforcement officers and those whose certification has expired are ineligible to serve as police officers in the state of Colorado.
Under Rule 14- Fingerprint-Based Criminal History Record Check, every applicant must be fingerprinted and cleared through the Colorado Bureau of Investigation and the Federal Bureau of Investigation. The fingerprints may be completed by an out-of-state law enforcement agency but must be done on the Colorado POST fingerprint card. The agency, academy, or the individual may send the fingerprint card to the Colorado Bureau of Investigation, 690 Kipling, Suite 3000, Denver, CO 80215 with the $39.50 processing fee (certified check or money orders only - made out to CBI).
State law prohibits POST certification of any person who has been convicted of a felony or certain misdemeanors (See list of de-certifying misdemeanors here). Upon passing the basic academy, POST certification exam, and background check, an applicant for Basic certification under Board Rule 10- Basic Peace Officer Certification will receive a certificate allowing them to seek employment as a Colorado peace officer.
Additionally, individuals with domestic violence convictions may not be eligible to serve as peace officers, due to federal laws.
After receiving POST certification, an individual must meet additional requirements before being appointed as a peace officer. State law requires a physical examination and a psychological evaluation of an applicant be completed before any such applicant may be appointed. The hiring agency determines the scope of the examination and evaluation. The hiring agency also determines standards of acceptability of such results.
In addition, please note that individual law enforcement agencies may evaluate a variety of additional factors as part of their own hiring process. Some of these factors may include:
- Written employment test
- Oral board interview
- Physical agility test
- Polygraph test
- Minimum age (usually 21)
- Clean driving record
- Additional college education
- Complete background investigation, including fingerprint check, interviews of neighbors and employers
Be sure to check with individual agencies to determine their particular employment requirements. POST does not determine agency employment requirements.
Non-United States Citizens
The Department of Law (“DOL”) and the Peace Officer Standards and Training (“POST”) Board are committed to following all federal and state laws governing the certification of peace officer applicants, for both U.S. citizens and non-citizens alike. This page is intended to provide guidance to non-U.S. citizens who are considering applying for POST certification.
Federal law allows states to provide public benefits, including POST certification, to some non-U.S. citizens. The following non-U.S. citizens can receive POST certification:
- Lawful permanent residents;
- An alien who is granted asylum under § 208 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (“INA”);
- A refugee admitted under § 207 of the INA;
- An alien who is paroled into the United States for a period of at least one year under § 212(d)(5) of the INA;
- An alien whose deportation is being withheld because the federal Attorney General has determined that such alien's life or freedom would be threatened in such country on account of race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group, or political opinion;
- An alien who is granted conditional entry under § 203(a)(7) of the INA;
- An alien who is a Cuban or Haitian entrant;
- A nonimmigrant under the INA; or
- An alien who is paroled into the United States for less than one year under § 212(d)(5) of INA.
There are also several categories of non-citizen immigrants who may not be eligible for POST certification, but this area of law is very complicated and it is impossible to anticipate the specific facts of each situation. For example, law enforcement agencies should always consult their attorneys about certain categories of immigrants, like those with employment authorization under the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (“DACA”) program or other individuals who may lack lawful status in the United States. For more information, see 8 U.S.C. §§ 1621(a) and (c), 8 U.S.C. & 1641, and C.R.S. § 24-76.5-103(1).
The DOL and POST are not able to provide legal advice about specific individuals or circumstances. Hiring agencies and candidates with questions about their specific circumstances should consult an attorney.
Click for a printable PDF version of the POST Board Guidance Regarding Certification of Non-United States Citizens.